Building a Virtuoso Open-Source Edition Reference Docker image

Building a Virtuoso Open-Source Edition Reference Docker image

Copyright (C) 2023 OpenLink Software

Table of Contents


This Git tree exemplifies how to build a reference implementation of the Virtuoso Open-Source (VOS) docker image for a single architecture.

This image is functionally equivalent to the version we distribute via the official OpenLink repository on Docker Hub.

It has been tested on both Ubuntu 18.04 (x86_64) and macOS Big Sur 11.6 (x86_64 and Apple Silicon).

Most modern Linux distributions provide docker packages as part of their repository.

For Apple macOS and Microsoft Windows Docker installers can be downloaded from the Docker website.

Note: Installing software like git, Docker and Docker Compose is left as an exercise for the reader.

Downloading and building the docker image

  1. Clone the git tree to your own system using the following command:
$ git clone
  1. Build the docker image using the following command:
$ ./

  BUILD STARTED: Tue Dec  5 12:13:17 CET 2023

 * Building docker image 
   (this may take around 20-30 minuts on current hardware)

  BUILD FINISHED: Tue Dec  5 12:36:31 CET 2023
  1. Check the version number of this docker image:
$ docker run -i -t vos-reference version


This Docker image is using the following version of Virtuoso:

Virtuoso Open Source Edition (Column Store) (multi threaded)
Version as of Dec  5 2023 (d89671f)
Compiled for Linux (aarch64-unknown-linux-gnu)
Copyright (C) 1998-2023 OpenLink Software

Configuring the build

The script uses a handful of environment variables to control the build.

The following setting in the script is used to checkout the exact state of the VOS tree to use:

#  Build using a specific git tag, branch or commit id
export GIT_TAG=v7.2.11
#export GIT_TAG=develop/7
#export GIT_TAG=a1f22974f8fb8fc485e93c425c6bf727725016f3

The following setting is used to tag the image you build:

export DOCKER_TAG=vos-reference

How does Openlink build the official images it distributes?

The difference between this reference image and the official images that OpenLink publishes is that the official images are built with Docker multi-arch support to run natively on ARM64-based systems (macOS on Apple Silicon, cloud-based ARM instances, Raspberry Pi, etc.) as well as Intel/AMD 64bit-based systems that support the use of docker containers.

Additionally, OpenLink supplies VOS images based on either Ubuntu or Alpine, making a total of 4 internal builds.

Building the official images using the method described in this reference image would require half of these builds to be run via an emulator which of course would be very slow.

While a native build takes around 20-30 minutes to complete for the native CPU, performing the same build for the other CPU type using an emulator takes about 4-5 hours.

The total build time for both distributions and architectures would be around 10 hours.

OpenLink already builds and tests Virtuoso Open Source on a number of platforms to ensure our software works using different versions of operating systems, development tools and libraries.

This is the equivalent of the “vos-build” steps in this reference Dockerfile.

These builds are performed in parallel on separate native platforms and a tarball with the binary installation is stored on an internal server.

Our docker build process then downloads the relevant 4 builds to one location, extracts them and uses the COPY command exactly like the second part of this Dockerfile.

See Also